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Wine Terms Starting With The Letter 'H'

Habillage
French term for the foil and wire cork cage that are used to dress a bottle of sparkling wine
Halbtrocken
German term meaning "half-dry." Contains some residual sugar, but not more than 18g/l.
Half-bottle
Holds 375 milliliters or 3/8 liter.
Hard
Firm; a quality that usually results from high acidity or tannins. Often a descriptor for young red wines.
Harmonious
Well balanced, with no component obtrusive or lacking.
Harsh
Used to describe astringent wines that are tannic or high in alcohol.
Harvest
The process of picking the grapes, whether by hand or machine. Also the time period when the grapes are picked; usually September through October in the northern hemisphere and March through April in the southern hemisphere.
Hazy
Used to describe a wine that has small amounts of visible matter. Characteristic of wines that are unfined and unfiltered.
Heady
Used to describe high-alcohol wines.
Hearty
Used to describe the full, warm, sometimes rustic qualities found in red wines with high alcohol.
Hectare
A quantity of land equivalent to 10,000 square meters or 2.47 acres. Used frequently in Europe to measure vineyard size.
Hectoliter
A quantity of liquid equivalent to 100 liters or 26.4 gallons. In most of Europe, yield is measured in hectoliters per hectare vs. tons per acre in the U.S.
Herbaceous
Describes the aromas and flavors of herbs in a wine. A plus in many wines such as Sauvignon Blanc and, to a lesser extent, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Herbal is a synonym, though when the concentration of the aroma is high, and becomes less than pleasant, the term herbaceous is often used.
Hock
Term for Rhine wines, usually used in England.
Hollow
Lacking in flavor, especially in the mid palate. Describes a wine that has some flavor on the beginning of the sip and on the finish, but is missing intensity or distinct flavors in between.
Horizontal Tasting
An evaluation of wines from a single vintage; the wines may highlight producers from a single region or the same grape variety from many regions, among other permutations.
Horizontal wine tasting
A tasting of a group of wines from the same vintage or representing the same style of wine (such as all Pinot noirs from different wineries in a region), as opposed to a vertical tasting which involves of the same wine through different vintages. In a horizontal tasting, keeping wine variety or type and wine region the same helps emphasize differences in winery styles.
Hot
High alcohol, unbalanced wines that tend to burn with "heat" on the finish are called hot. Acceptable in Port-style wines.

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